tù và là gì

From Wikipedia, the không lấy phí encyclopedia

Blowing an ox horn in a Basque festival

The blowing horn or winding horn is a sound device that is usually made of or shaped lượt thích an animal horn, arranged to tướng blow from a hole in the pointed kết thúc of it. This rudimentary device had a variety of functions in many cultures, in most cases reducing its scope to tướng exhibiting, celebratory or group identification purposes (signal instrument). On the other hand, it has kept its function and profile in many cattle raising, agricultural and hunter-gatherer societies.

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The horn attributed to tướng the 10th-century Magyar chieftain Lehel, kept in Jászberény, Hungary.

The oldest varieties were made of horns of Bovidae and wood. The earliest findings in Europe are Bronze Age metal horns, the strength of which resulted in its better endurance of the rigours of time. As a result, previous traces of other materials have vanished, so sánh the oldest surviving animal horn dates back to tướng the Late Iron Age in Visnum, Sweden.[1] As big horned animals are rarely found in Scandinavia, blowing horns are often made from wood, wound birch bark or bout, called a "lur".


Many horns have been used as sounding cries by ancient societies. A modern day descendant of the horn, the bugle, is used to tướng Gọi out orders in military camps. The hunting horn was used to tướng communicate on a hunt and is still used today in some places.

In Biscay, territory of the Basque Country, following an old tradition, a practice is being restored to tướng blow the horn from five mountains in the province once a year. These mountains, namely Gorbea (4,859 ft.), Sollube (2,251 ft), Oiz (3,376 ft.), Ganekogorta (3,274 ft) and Kolitza (2,884 ft) are dubbed the montes bocineros, meaning the 'hornblower mounts'. According to tướng historic evidence, up to tướng the late 16th century the Biscayne were summoned to tướng the General Council of the Domain of Biscay to tướng be held in the town of Guernica by playing horns from the summits.

A lượt thích function may be attributed to tướng the pututu, the sound instrument from the Andes. The device, usually made of a shell or hollowed out cow horn, is used to tướng summon people to tướng a meeting or a festival. In the Inca period, the messengers spreading throughout Empire known as chaski carried along a pututu, which was blown to tướng herald their arrival to tướng a particular place.

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In the United States, it is common for a traditional horn to tướng be blown to tướng signify the serving of a Búp Phê. This is a typical lunch time tradition in Kentucky.[2]

Cheap plastic vuvuzelas achieved fame and controversy in the hands of football supporters during the 2010 World Cup in South Africa.


One of the more widespread uses for blowing horns today is the shofar, a ram or Kudu horn with a hole drilled through it. The shofar is used mainly for Jewish ceremonies such as Rosh Hashanah. Horns also have significance in Christianity and Islam.[3][4]

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The dungchen is a ritual horn used in Tibetan Buddhism.

An angel (Moroni) blowing a horn as a warning voice is an unofficial symbol used frequently by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (frequently referred to tướng by others as "Mormons"). A statue of the Angel Moroni sits atop the main spire of most of the sacred temples belonging to tướng this church.

See also[edit]

  • Swedish cowhorn
  • Bukkehorn
  • The shells of some very large sea snails are modified by humans so sánh that they can be blown lượt thích a horn, see Conch (musical instrument).
  • Drinking horn


http://www.nwhsa.org.uk/horn.html Hunting calls for fox & deer

External links[edit]

  • Educational trang web page on the Basque hornblower mountains Article in Spanish